bazarah
18 posts
TimePosted 25/10/2008 11:23:59
bazarah says

Coating formation in Kiln Inlet

Sir, In our plant we are getting more coating problems at Kiln inlet and Riser duct. Please tell me what is reason for the coating problem and give me some suggetion to minimize this problem.

Fuel using :Crude Oil

Regards

Regards

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Raj Sahu
198 posts
TimePosted 27/10/2008 05:08:23
Raj Sahu says

Re: Coating formation in Kiln Inlet

The main reason of coating formation in any kiln is unbalanced sulphur to alkali, molar ratio.If you balance the molar ratio your process buildup problem can be managed or minimized.

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Ted Krapkat
536 posts
TimePosted 06/11/2008 04:02:12

Re: Coating formation in Kiln Inlet

Bazarah,

 In my experience, buildups in this area usually originate from poor combustion resulting in high CO and SO3 in the kiln inlet.

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vinayak
29 posts
TimePosted 06/11/2008 17:16:38
vinayak says

Re: Coating formation in Kiln Inlet

Hi

Coating at kiln inlet ia mainly due to the volatiles like Chlorides, alkalies ( Na2O and K2O) and SO3. To minimise the coating formation, the alkali sulfate ratio should be around 1.1 so that these volatiles will come out as alkali sulfate along with the clinker so that the recirculation inside the kiln circuit will be less.

Chlorides should be controlled from the inputs like limestone, clay etc. If sea water is used in rawmill , or GCT or anywhere , then it will also increase the chloride content

When we use high sulfur coal or petcoke, the SO3 will increase.

If Sulfur is deficient in the circuit and alkalies are more, then we can add gypsum along with the rawmaterial to reduce the alkali sulfate ratio.

Even  after doing all the above, there will be some residual coating will be formed in the kiln inlet. It can be cleaned with out stopping the plant, by 

!. Kiln inlet area may be lined with silicon carbide based bricks or castable, which will form a glassy phase at high temp and thus avoids the coating formation

2. You can also use high pressure water pumps( 250 to 300 bar) for the removal of the coating

3. Any CO at kiln inlet will aggrevate the coating formtion.So reduced atmosphere should always be avoided at kiln inlet

4. Air blasters can be installed at the kiln inlet and can be operated using automatic timers

5. we can also use CARDOX system, which will blast the coating usiong CO2 blasting.

Regards

Vinayak

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