The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said yesterday it would remove the pricing caps on coal from next year and adopt a market-oriented pricing mechanism.
China had established pricing caps on coal to prevent prices from rising higher than the price on June 19.
"The removal of pricing caps would come into effect from next year," the NDRC said in a statement on coal production and demand for 2009.
The NDRC, however, said it will adopt a market-oriented coal pricing mechanism as it reflects the real demand and supply, the resource scarcity and environmental costs associated with the commodity.
Liu Tienan, deputy director, NDRC, said domestic coal prices would now become more market-oriented.
But the NDRC also said the government would take measures when there are sharp fluctuations in coal prices.
Coal prices have fallen sharply in China due to the global economic downturn and dwindling domestic demand.
According to statistics, the average coal price in China fell by 30 to 40 percent in November, compared to the price in the middle of the year.
Some coal officials have even suggested that the government set up a minimum price for coal to prevent under-pricing.
"In November, coal prices fell as demand for steel and cement waned due to the sluggish housing market," said Hao Xiangbin, director, Coal Transport and Distribution Association.
"The demand slowdown affected the industry much more than the economic crisis."
Zhang Guobao, director, National Energy Administration, however, said the financial crisis would not impede China’s economic growth and the resultant increased demand for energy.
Huang Shengchu, president, China Coal Information Institute said, "though winter heating has boosted coal demand to some extent, prices may see slight fluctuations in the short-term."
"The market would be gloomy after the heating period ends," Huang said.
"The government’s 4-trillion-yuan economic stimulus plan aimed at building more infrastructure projects, would certainly boost steel and electricity demand next year," he said.
Huang, however, sees no respite for the falling coal prices.
"Due to the closure of many manufacturing units and the lackluster real estate market, there will be a significant contraction in demand for thermal coal for power generation as well as metallurgical coal for steel production," Huang said.
"I believe the coal producers will experience a worse chill next spring," he added.