Scientists discuss in "A unilateral NMR magnet for sub-structure analysis in the built environment: the Surface GARField" new findings in magnetic resonance. According to recent research from Guildford, the United Kingdom, "A new, portable NMR magnet with a tailored magnetic field profile and a complementary radio frequency sensor have been designed and constructed for the purpose of probing in situ the sub-surface porosity of cement based materials in the built environment. The magnet is a one sided device akin to a large NMR-MOUSE with the additional design specification of planes of constant field strength /B0/ parallel to the surface."
"There is a strong gradient G in the field strength perpendicular to these planes. As with earlier GARField magnets, the ratio G//:B0/ is a system constant although the method of achieving this condition is substantially different. The new magnet as constructed is able to detect signals 50mm (1H NMR at 3.2 MHz) away from the surface of the magnet and can profile the surface layers of large samples to a depth of 35-40 mm by moving the magnet, and hence the resonant plane of the polarising field, relative to the sample surface. The matching radio frequency excitation/detector coil has been designed to complement the static magnetic field such that the polarising B0 and sensing B1 fields are, in principal, everywhere orthogonal," wrote P.J. McDonald and colleagues, University of Surrey.
The researchers concluded: "Preliminary spatially resolved measurements are presented of cement based materials, including two-dimensional T1-T2 relaxation correlation spectra."
McDonald and colleagues published their study in the Journal of Magnetic Resonance (A unilateral NMR magnet for sub-structure analysis in the built environment: the Surface GARField. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 2007;185(1):1-11).