Titan Cement says a Superior Court judge ruling that it must undergo an extensive environmental review sets an anti-industry precedent.
Because Titan Cement received US$4.5m in public funding, a Superior Court judge ruled it must undergo a full environmental review before receiving any permits.
Titan Cement said in a released statement that the ruling could quote, "put future commerce of North Carolina at great risk."
Titan Cement wants to build a plant and limestone quarry on the banks of the northeast Cape Fear River.
It has wanted an air quality permit so it could purchase equipment and proceed with design plans. The company says it would undergo an environmental impact review after receiving the air permit. But residents and environmentalists have been pushing for the impact study before construction got underway.