CEMBUREAU: EU-ETS needs to ensure sufficient flexibility for free allocation share

CEMBUREAU: EU-ETS needs to ensure sufficient flexibility for free allocation share
24 May 2017

With many stakeholders  calling for a proper impact assessment ahead of the EU-ETS trilogue, Ecofys, a Navigant company, has published a study, commissioned by CEMBUREAU, which compares and analyses the supply and demand balance in terms of the free allowances available and this for the European Commission, European Parliament and Council proposals. The authors have also assessed the likelihood of the Cross Sectoral Correction Factor (CSCF), the European cement association said in a statement yesterday.

"It's important the trilogue discussions on the reform of EU ETS are based on transparent analyses of all design options on the table” the statement said, citing Maarten Neelis of Ecofys. “Our analysis shows the impact of the various MSR, cancellation and benchmark update options and also makes clear that the proposed changes to the hot metal benchmark to account for the full carbon content of waste gases does have an impact on the CSCF likelihood," he adds.

CEMBUREAU notes that the study shows that the European Parliament proposal to use up to five per cent of the auction share for free allocation reduces the probability of the CSCF significantly compared to the other reform proposals. The study also shows that the Parliament amendments have the largest impact on lowering the surplus on the market by end of 2030 whilst the Council General approach cancels the largest amount of allowances from the MSR.

The study also provides calculation details on the inclusion of steel waste gases in its benchmark. According to Ecofys, this would amount to an increase of the steel sector’s free allowances by an additional 0.4 per cent of the total allowances, under the assumption of an annual one per cent lat reduction of all benchmark values. This, in turn, would increase the risk of triggering the CSCF if not enough flexibility is provided for at the same time.

The study hence confirms that the trilogue negotiators must strive to ensure that enough free allowances are made available to all sectors at risk of carbon leakage at the level of the best performer and this without any discrimination.

CEMBUREAU therefore calls on policymakers to adopt an EU-ETS which:
• Applies the concept of a five per cent “flexible reserve” to the allowances earmarked for auctioning in favour or the free allocation share. Compromise positions between Parliament and Council may include a recourse to unused allowances from Phase 3 or set aside cancelled MSR allowances to avoid the CSCF

• Does not discriminate between sectors through the application of a tiered CSCF

• Calculates benchmarks based on real data and ensures continuous improvement by providing a minimum reduction level. Proposals to recalculate benchmarks for a specific sector should thoroughly be assessed to identify their potential impact and ensure that they do not significantly reduce the total amount of free allowances available to other sectors at risk of carbon leakage. If needed, extra flexibility between auction share and free allocation should be provided for

• Supply the innovation fund for breakthrough technologies (CCS and CCU) from the auctioning share.

Published under Cement News

Tagged Under: Europe Cembureau EU-ETS